Quality Risk Management Plan

A well-written and well-implemented quality risk management plan is an integral element of an effective quality system. During the development of your total quality strategy, the bottom line is that things can and will go wrong. Your QA management team and QMS system need to be designed with data quality management in mind. Your team should include employees from multiple functions who understand both risk and compliance. 


Quality Risk Management


regulatory complianceThe purpose of quality risk management is to help ensure continued compliance with regulatory requirements, such as good manufacturing practices. This is critical for risks analysis when events occur during manufacturing that can impact patient safety and product quality.




The International Council for Harmonization (ICH) Q9 states;


“Two primary principles of quality risk management are: the evaluation of the risk to quality should be based on scientific knowledge and ultimately link to the protection of the patient; and, the level of effort, formality, and documentation of the quality risk management process should be commensurate with the level of risk”.


In developing your company’s plan, you will need to consider key risk indicators and how to mitigate risk. Managing your company’s risk with a well-defined plan may help reduce strategic risk associated with poor ISO 9001 Standards. Most importantly, reducing inefficiencies associated with the product and the process is critical to improving quality.


A reduction in deviations/investigations, FDA warning letters, customer complaints, and product yield all improve the culture of quality.


Risk Management Framework


A risk management framework is used to evaluate all aspects of the manufacturing process and identify areas of vulnerability. These vulnerabilities need to be assessed for their financial risk impact on the operation and the potential level of risk they pose. Risk management in healthcare requires a holistic viewpoint from multiple departments across the enterprise. 


Quality Risk Management Plan


A well-written quality risk management plan is an ongoing process requiring risk control documentation throughout the product lifecycle. It provides a solid risk management process for how to improve efficiency and minimize operational risk. Focus your operational risk management on the important activities to improve product quality rather than low-risk activities that have little impact. These are four key elements to consider when defining your risk mitigation strategies:


Element One: Gap Analysis

The first element is to perform an analysis of the identified risk associated with the operations. For example, consider project risk management if your product is being produced using an older manufacturing line. There is compliance risk that an out of date manufacturing process will experience breakdowns.


Element Two: Risk Evaluation

The second step is to evaluate the risk in terms of its impact on your ability to supply a quality product. In this case, frequent shutdowns can lead to product rejections, yield loss, and potential drug shortages. Search for risk management solutions that anticipate these types of supply chain risk in advance. 


Element Three: Identify Controls

Once the risk has been identified and the impact evaluated, risk controls can help mitigate. For example, cybersecurity risk is a growing problem where manufacturing automation needs to be reviewed. Some of the possible mitigation control strategies might include conducting threat modeling to identify your risk in security. Ensure your risk mitigation plan also qualifies cyber risk management and how a cyber secure manufacturing line holistically prevents outside hacking.


Element Four: Data Management

The last key element needed is data input and management. Any risk management tool should be able to indicate if and when you need to employ one of your risk control strategies. Simple risk identification includes if you see an increase in downtime on the line or a steady decrease in yield. This data could be indicators that the manufacturing line is headed for a catastrophic failure and steps need to be taken to prevent a drug shortage situation.


Security Risk Management


The above discussion is only an example of a risk assessment in one area of an operation. Other areas of the process need to be evaluated for potential vulnerabilities and risk. These areas include an evaluation of the reliability of raw material suppliers, stability, and contractual supplier compliance, age and reliability of laboratory test equipment, etc. Supplier compliance also includes partnering with contract manufacturing organizations and contract test organizations.


Integrated Risk Management


A dynamic quality risk management plan will integrate the overall organization and identify high risk vulnerabilities. It will be proactive in identifying strategies for mitigation of the high-risk vulnerabilities. Data will be leveraged to perform continuous monitoring of the vulnerabilities. And, of course, the plan will provide the appropriate documentation and rationale for risk management programs.


Risk Management Consultant


Implementing a quality risk management plan in an organization can also be challenging. A risk management consultant can provide all applicable function personnel involved in the operations additional feedback. These functions include finance, manufacturing, regulatory affairs, purchasing, auditing, and senior management. The plan should be dynamic and should be modified as situations change.


Single-Source Vendor Risk


Let’s say you produce a product and you have a single-source supplier for one of your excipients. You have audited the supplier and have identified some significant gaps in their quality system. You identify this vulnerability in your quality risk management plan as a high-risk item because of the lack of vendor compliance.


One of your mitigation strategies might be to qualify an alternate supplier for the excipient. Once you have qualified that alternate supplier, you need to update your plan to downgrade the risk because you have taken the appropriate steps to mitigate it and eliminate the identified vulnerability.


Qualifying a Secondary Supplier


When qualifying a secondary supplier you may want to consider choosing a supplier in a different geographic location. There may be geographical situations or circumstances that could affect the ability of the original supplier to supply materials in a timely manner. This concept could also be applied not only to secondary suppliers of a raw material but also to suppliers of the final pharmaceutical product.


When choosing a new supplier in a different geographical location it will be important to understand the capabilities of the new region. The following Table demonstrates some of the information you will want to assess.


The chart identifies the Regulatory Agency in charge of the region you might be considering. It identifies the estimated number of employees currently in the industry and results of 2019 drug quality inspections (NAI, VAI, and OIA). Issues on Data Integrity are also tied to warning letter citations.


Geographic Risk Management


The decision to qualify a new location is a difficult one but with the proper information, it can be done.  Quality risk management plans are important because they help improve a company’s ability to provide a quality product to patients. They are contingency plans with identified actions that help to ensure a continuous supply of product to the market. Further, the risk management plan is designed to accelerate products that are safe, effective, and available.


They are dynamic documents that require integration into and data inputs from all departments in order to be successfully implemented at a company, require integration into and data inputs from all departments in order to be successfully implemented at a company.

regulatory compliance


About RCA’s Pharmaceutical Consulting Services 


Regulatory Compliance Associates (RCA) has helped thousands of pharmaceutical companies meet regulatory, compliance, quality assurance, and remediation challenges. With more than 20 years of experience with FDA, Health Canada, EU and global regulatory agencies worldwide, Regulatory Compliance Associates® offers leading pharmaceutical consultants. We’re one of the few pharma consulting companies that can help you navigate the challenges associated with industry regulations.


Our pharmaceutical consulting firm includes over 500 seasoned FDA, Health Canada & EU compliance consultants and regulatory affairs experts who understand industry complexities. It’s a pharma consultancy founded by regulatory compliance executives from the pharmaceutical industry. Every pharmaceutical industry consultant on the Regulatory Compliance Associates team knows the unique inner workings of the regulatory process. 


Client Solutions


Whether you’re in the product planning, development or pharmaceutical lifecycle management stage or need a remediation strategy for a compliance crisis, Regulatory Compliance Associates will guide you through every pharmaceutical consulting step of the regulatory process and create a customized approach depending on your product and your pharma company’s individual needs. Our regulatory compliance clients include:


  • Companies new to FDA, Health Canada or EU regulations and regulatory compliance
  • Start-up organizations with novel submissions to 510(k) submissions from multi-national corporations
  • Investment firms seeking private equity due diligence for pre-acquisition and post-deal research
  • Law firms seeking pharmaceutical consulting firm expertise in the remediation of warning letters, consent decrees, 483’s or import bans


Regulatory Affairs


Regulatory affairs is Regulatory Compliance Associates backbone. We exceed other pharma consulting companies with industry experts experienced in complexities of the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industries. Our pharma consulting expertise spans all facets and levels of Regulatory Affairs, from Regulatory Support for New Products to Life Cycle Management, to other services like Outsourced Regulatory Affairs, Submissions, Training, and more.


As your partner, we can negotiate the potential assessment minefield of regulatory compliance services with insight, hindsight, and the clear advantage of our breadth and depth of knowledge and regulatory compliance consulting. We offer the following pharma consulting regulatory affairs services for pharmaceutical companies.


  • New Product Support
  • Product Lifecycle
  • Other Regulatory Services
  • Combination Products


Compliance Assurance


The regulations process surrounding pharmaceutical companies can be tricky for even the most experienced industry veteran to understand. Just one misstep could mean significant and lasting consequences for your business. At Regulatory Compliance Associates, we offer the pharma consulting experience and pharma consultants necessary to guide you through the quality compliance process.


  • Assessments
  • Audits
  • Regulatory Agency Response
  • Preparation and Training
  • Inspection Readiness
  • Data Integrity


Quality Assurance


Regulatory Compliance Associates Quality consulting includes assessments, strategy, implementations, staff augmentations, and identification of quality metrics to ensure continuous improvement. Our pharma consultants understand the strategic thinking needed to align your business needs and goals. Regulatory Compliance Associates quality assurance services include quality experts with experience spanning major corporations and start-ups. Our pharmaceutical consulting firm knows firsthand how to achieve, maintain, and improve quality, and we excel in transferring pharma consulting knowledge to your organization.


  • 21 CFR Part 11
  • Data Integrity
  • Manufacturing Support
  • Facility Support
  • Quality Metrics


Remediation Services 


Regulatory Compliance Associates has a proven remediation services approach to managing FDA Warning Letters, Consent Decrees, Remediation and other serious regulatory situations. Our pharma consultants know how to partner with executive, legal, and communication teams. Each RCA pharma consulting Expert will develop a response that will be accepted by the regulatory agency and be realistic to execute.


Regulatory Compliance Associates pharma regulatory consultants will develop a comprehensive proof book of documented evidence demonstrating the corrective action taken to remediate non-compliant issues. In addition, each Regulatory Compliance Associates pharma consulting Expert understands compliance enforcement. We’ll prepare a comprehensive pharma consulting strategy to assist in your remediation efforts, drive continuous improvement, and maintain regulatory compliance with the regulations.


  • Regulatory Action
  • Regulatory Compliance
  • Regulatory Enforcement
  • Warning Letter
  • 483 Observation
  • Oversight Services
  • Risk Management Plan


About Regulatory Compliance Associates


pharmaceutical consultantsRegulatory Compliance Associates® (RCA) provides pharmaceutical consulting to the following industries for resolution of life science challenges:



We understand the complexities of running a life science business and possess areas of expertise that include every facet of R&D, operations, regulatory affairs, quality, and manufacturing. We are used to working on the front lines and thriving in the scrutiny of FDA, Health Canada, MHRA and globally-regulated companies.


As your partners, we can negotiate the potential minefield of regulatory compliance and regulatory due diligence with insight, hindsight, and the clear advantage of our unique expertise and experience.


  • Founded in 2000
  • Headquartered in Wisconsin (USA)
  • Expertise backed by over 500 industry subject matter experts
  • Acquired by Sotera Health in 2021


About Sotera Health


The name Sotera Health was inspired by Soteria, the Greek goddess of safety, and reflects the Company’s unwavering commitment to its mission, Safeguarding Global Health®.


Sotera Health Company, along with its three best-in-class businesses – Sterigenics®Nordion® and Nelson Labs®, is a leading global provider of mission-critical end-to-end sterilization solutions and lab testing and advisory services for the healthcare industry. With a combined tenure across our businesses of nearly 200 years and our industry-recognized scientific and technological expertise, we help to ensure the safety of over 190 million patients and healthcare practitioners around the world every year.


We are a trusted partner to 5,800+ customers in over 50 countries, including 40 of the top 50 medical device companies and 9 of the top 10 pharmaceutical companies.


Commitment to Quality


Our Certificate of Registration demonstrates that our Quality Management System meets the requirements of ISO 9001:2015, an internationally recognized standard of quality.


To begin the Regulatory Compliance Associates scoping process today, please enter your information in the blue form below and click the submit button at the bottom of the webpage. 


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